About the Survey
The second round of the Mood of the Nation Survey was conducted by Lokniti, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi for ABP News between January 7 and January 20, 2018 among 14,336 respondents spread across 19 States of India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. The survey was conducted at 700 locations in 175 Assembly Constituencies (ACs). Each AC was located in a different Parliamentary Constituency (PC). The total sample size targeted was 14,000 with an AC/PC-wise target of 80-85 interviews. The number of PCs to be sampled in a State was determined based on the percentage share of that particular State’s electorate in the total/combined electorate of all 19 states. The sampling design adopted was multi-stage random sampling. The PCs where the survey was conducted were randomly selected using the probability proportional to size method. Then, one AC was selected from within each sampled PC using the random sampling method. Thereafter, four polling stations were selected from within each of the sampled ACs using the systematic random sampling method. Finally, the respondents were also randomly selected using the systematic method from the electoral rolls of the sampled polling stations.
Once we identified our sample among the electorate, trained investigators were sent to meet them. They were asked to interview only those whose names were given to them. However at some locations the non-availability of sampled respondents or difficulty in finding households necessitated replacements/substitutions. Our investigators sat down in the homes of people and asked them a detailed set of questions which could take up to 35-40 minutes. The questionnaire we presented to our sample of voters was designed in the language mainly spoken in the respondents’ State.
The achieved national sample is broadly representative of India’s population, in terms of the country's general demographic profile. It has nevertheless been weighted by gender, locality, caste group and religion in each State as per Census 2011 percentages. For our all-India analysis, we adjusted the figures using a statistical technique known as weighting, which means that each State was proportionately represented in the analysis.
Profile of the achieved national sample
|Survey Sample (Raw) %||Census 2011 %|
The survey was designed and analysed by a team of researchers at Lokniti, CSDS. The team included Ananya Singh, Ankita Barthwal, Asmita Aasaavari, Dhananjay Kumar Singh, Himanshu Bhattacharya, Jyoti Mishra, Shreyas Sardesai, Vijay Prakash and Vibha Attri. The survey was directed by Prof. Sanjay Kumar, Prof. Suhas Palshikar and Prof. Sandeep Shastri of Lokniti.
The survey was coordinated by scholars from the Lokniti Network: E Venkatesu and Srinivas Rao Gangiredla (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana), Dhruba Pratim Sharma and Nurul Hassan (Assam), Rakesh Ranjan (Bihar), Anupama Saxena and Shamshad Ansari (Chhattisgarh), Biswajit Mohanty (Delhi), Mahashweta Jani (Gujarat), Kushal Pal and Anita Agarwal (Haryana), Harishwar Dayal and Amit Kumar (Jharkhand), Veena Devi and Reetika Syal (Karnataka), Sajad Ibrahim (Kerala), Yatindra Singh Sisodia and Ashish Bhatt (Madhya Pradesh), Nitin Birmal (Maharashtra), Gyanaranjan Swain (Odisha), Jagroop Singh Sekhon and Nirmal Singh (Punjab), Sanjay Lodha and Nidhi Seth (Rajasthan), P Ramajayam (Tamil Nadu), Mirza Asmer Beg and Sudhir Khare (Uttar Pradesh), and Suprio Basu and Jyoti Prasad Chatterjee (West Bengal).
Survey details in a nutshell
|Conducted by||Lokniti-CSDS, for ABP News|
|Dates of fieldwork||January 7-20, 2018|
|No. of Parliamentary Constituencies covered||175|
|No. of Polling Stations (Locations) covered||700|
|No. of interviews conducted (Sample size)||14,336|
|Sampling method||Multi-stage random sampling|
|Fieldwork method||Standardized face to face interview in language mainly spoken in the respondents’ State|